The Economic and Financial Committee is the Second Committee of the General Assembly of the United Nations. This year, ECOFIN will be tackling the issues of economic inequality, terrorism and the economy, and preventing a 2008-style recession.
The world as a whole has been getting more equal. Places like China has seen their incomes rise rapidly since the 1970s. However, the developed world such as the United States and the United Kingdom has seen economic inequality rise to levels not seen in 100 years. Delegates will need to come up with a reasonable way to continue to make the world more equal while stopping inequality from growing like it has in the past 30 years.
Terrorism affected the global economy very little 100 years ago. However, since the 9/11 attacks terrorism has grown to be a massive problem for nations worldwide. Reports show that in 2015 $52 billion dollars was lost to terrorism globally; a number not seen since 2001. Delegates will need to come together to implement a program that repairs the economies left in tatters by terrorism.
The global recession of 2008 left the economies in a weakened state. Many economies still haven’t recovered from this and it would be catastrophic if another recession hit them. Implementing programs that fix the trouble spots in the economy will allow economies to heal faster and be ready for the next downturn.
The United Nations Children’s Fund has a long history of seeking to protect the children of the world. This year, UNICEF will be tackling the issues of mental health care is it applies to refugees of war, the ethics of pharmacological research, and the Out-of-School Children Initiative.
The United Nations Children’s Fund faces the unique issues of defining what constitutes a mental illness, identifying the safest and most effective treatment options, and finding a way to provide these services to as many refugees as possible all while considering the economic restrictions and cultural barriers. These decisions will require cooperation between countries to overcome the stigma often associated with receiving treatment for mental illness, to strengthen support systems for unaccompanied minors, and fight the social isolation, prejudice, and discrimination that contribute negatively to the mental health of children and adolescents.
The United Nations Children’s Fund will need to find ways to encourage pediatric and adolescent research by identifying major health issues around the world. Delegates will also have to consider the importance of respecting a child or adolescent’s autonomy and assent all while streamlining the informed consent and patient selection process. Making comprehensive, universal guidelines for and providing support to researchers will help limit the off label use of pharmacological treatments for children and adolescents and reduce the risks they face while seeking medical care.
With the Out-of-School Children Initiative, the delegates of UNICEF will identify the major, unique barriers to education and create appropriate solutions by considering past policy attempts to decide what legislation has worked and what has not. Finding the best ways to provide governments with up to date information about the major barriers so they can create effective, individualized solutions should be a major priority.
This year the World Health Organization (WHO) is looking into the important health issues that affect the global community in a wide range of problems. Overall the WHO is looking to work on creating resolutions to improve the lives and health of people around the globe.
The WHO will be looking at the current Zika Virus outbreak and determining the best plan of action for the international community to take in stopping the virus and treating those already affected.
The WHO will also look into women’s health education and how to improve it at the international level.
The WHO will be looking at how foodborne illnesses are affected by food quality and how to improve not only treatment of these illnesses but how to also improve food quality so these illnesses are less of an issue.
This year, delegates will have the ability to learn every intricate step of the model UN process through the beginners committee. This committee will be helpful for any delegates who are new to Model United Nations or desire a committee that runs at a more leisurely pace, as to fully understand all points of parliamentary procedure. The committee will run as a traditional Model United Nations UNEP Committee, while taking purposeful breaks from committee time to learn about the process of being a delegate in a Model UN committee. This committee welcomes all students who have an interest in the UNEP and the water crisis or any student looking to learn more about how to have fun and MUN!
There is a water crisis occurring in the world today where many developing world countries do not have sufficient amount of access to clean water to sustain their lives. Many countries may need to contemplate water privatization despite the loss of control by the country, higher operating costs, potential pipeline leaks and more. Many nations are currently some of the worst water crises ever seen to man. However, these same nations are surrounded by nations that are geographically, politically, or socially aligned with themselves that have a plethora of water resources. Delegates in this committee will determine how best to ameliorate the potential of water privatization as a result of international water wars by creating infrastructural solutions that can be sustainable and environmentally-conscious.
With a constantly growing global population, more of the Earth’s natural water resources are being exploited by the human population, leading to a rapid increase in the overall temperature of the Earth, causing more dramatic natural water disasters, food shortages, and disproportionate water distribution. Consequently, the sharing of water resources with the growing global population is not only reducing the amount of fresh water available, but it is also greatly damaging the ecosystems that lay within the water resources. More and more research is determining that roughly 80% of the water meant for agriculture, domestic use, and industries is being withdrawn annually. Delegates in this committee will determine how best to decrease the overall stress on water by dealing with issues such as food and water, general climate changes issues, and the biodiversity that lay within waters.
The Special Political and Decolonization Committee of 2002 will be focusing on the promotion of peace and cooperation and respect for human dignity. SPECPOL hopes to solve these issues in a timely manner.
This topic will center on the impending conflict in the region between different factions. Afghanistan has faced conflict since the Cold War, with USA and Soviet involvement. With all of the foreign involvement in Afghanistan as well as factions warring for power, it is becoming more and more unstable by the day. It will be up to this body to investigate and attempt to stabilize Afghanistan.
This topic will focus on the role of diamonds in fueling conflict in crisis regions. Since the late 1990’s, diamonds have been used by different governments and rebel groups in order to fund their conflicts, with these diamonds often being mined with forced labor. There have been efforts to curb these named “blood diamonds” in the international diamond trade, yet a formal international agreement still needs to be put into place. This committee will focus on how to ensure that diamonds have not been tainted by blood and conflict.
This topic will focus on the risk of nuclear proliferation in the middle east with an emphasis on nonproliferation and preserving global security. As the world becomes more technologically advanced, more nations are obtaining advanced nuclear technology. While these states have the right to use nuclear technology for peaceful means, as outlined by the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, they have also committed to ensuring that this technology is not used for ill means. As the foreign relations and nuclear technology of the Middle East grow, it will be up to this body to decide how to stop any attempts at obtaining nuclear weapons.