Kurdish groups throughout history have been divided against each other by foreign powers. The Ottoman and Persian empires backed warring Kurdish emirates in the 19C. Likewise the Iran-Iraq War was a catalyst for war among Kurds in the two countries. Even today Kurds in Iraq are allied to Turkey as Turkey wages counterinsurgency against The Kurdish Worker’s Party. The challenge of the Pan-Kurdish Summit will be to stop infighting and develop a common foreign policy on how Kurdish groups treat foreign powers.
Kurdish populations in the Middle East have been persecuted because of their nationality thus have an acute interest in preserving Human Rights. On the other hand Kurdish parties have perpetrated terror and political repression. What is permissible in war? And how can Kurdish groups protect the Human Rights of the non-Kurdish residents of their territory.
Nationalist movements of the 20C led to persecution of Kurds. Social services were denied to Kurds or were created to promote the erosion of Kurdish culture. Some Kurds are self governing, others still struggle for representation. How do Kurds provide for themselves when the state is not interested in helping? Will political parties fill the void, or can all Kurdish groups work together in providing education, health, and welfare?