The Economic and Financial Committee is the Second Committee of the General Assembly of the United Nations. This year, ECOFIN will be tackling the issues of economic inequality, terrorism and the economy, and preventing a 2008-style recession.
The world as a whole has been getting more equal. Places like China has seen their incomes rise rapidly since the 1970s. However, the developed world such as the United States and the United Kingdom has seen economic inequality rise to levels not seen in 100 years. Delegates will need to come up with a reasonable way to continue to make the world more equal while stopping inequality from growing like it has in the past 30 years.
Terrorism affected the global economy very little 100 years ago. However, since the 9/11 attacks terrorism has grown to be a massive problem for nations worldwide. Reports show that in 2015 $52 billion dollars was lost to terrorism globally; a number not seen since 2001. Delegates will need to come together to implement a program that repairs the economies left in tatters by terrorism.
The global recession of 2008 left the economies in a weakened state. Many economies still haven’t recovered from this and it would be catastrophic if another recession hit them. Implementing programs that fix the trouble spots in the economy will allow economies to heal faster and be ready for the next downturn.
The United Nations Children’s Fund has a long history of seeking to protect the children of the world. This year, UNICEF will be tackling the issues of mental health care is it applies to refugees of war, the ethics of pharmacological research, and the Out-of-School Children Initiative.
The United Nations Children’s Fund faces the unique issues of defining what constitutes a mental illness, identifying the safest and most effective treatment options, and finding a way to provide these services to as many refugees as possible all while considering the economic restrictions and cultural barriers. These decisions will require cooperation between countries to overcome the stigma often associated with receiving treatment for mental illness, to strengthen support systems for unaccompanied minors, and fight the social isolation, prejudice, and discrimination that contribute negatively to the mental health of children and adolescents.
The United Nations Children’s Fund will need to find ways to encourage pediatric and adolescent research by identifying major health issues around the world. Delegates will also have to consider the importance of respecting a child or adolescent’s autonomy and assent all while streamlining the informed consent and patient selection process. Making comprehensive, universal guidelines for and providing support to researchers will help limit the off label use of pharmacological treatments for children and adolescents and reduce the risks they face while seeking medical care.
With the Out-of-School Children Initiative, the delegates of UNICEF will identify the major, unique barriers to education and create appropriate solutions by considering past policy attempts to decide what legislation has worked and what has not. Finding the best ways to provide governments with up to date information about the major barriers so they can create effective, individualized solutions should be a major priority.
This year the World Health Organization (WHO) is looking into the important health issues that affect the global community in a wide range of problems. Overall the WHO is looking to work on creating resolutions to improve the lives and health of people around the globe.
The WHO will be looking at the current Zika Virus outbreak and determining the best plan of action for the international community to take in stopping the virus and treating those already affected.
The WHO will also look into women’s health education and how to improve it at the international level.
The WHO will be looking at how foodborne illnesses are affected by food quality and how to improve not only treatment of these illnesses but how to also improve food quality so these illnesses are less of an issue.
This year, delegates will have the ability to learn every intricate step of the model UN process through the beginners committee. This committee will be helpful for any delegates who are new to Model United Nations or desire a committee that runs at a more leisurely pace, as to fully understand all points of parliamentary procedure. The committee will run as a traditional Model United Nations UNEP Committee, while taking purposeful breaks from committee time to learn about the process of being a delegate in a Model UN committee. This committee welcomes all students who have an interest in the UNEP and the water crisis or any student looking to learn more about how to have fun and MUN!
There is a water crisis occurring in the world today where many developing world countries do not have sufficient amount of access to clean water to sustain their lives. Many countries may need to contemplate water privatization despite the loss of control by the country, higher operating costs, potential pipeline leaks and more. Many nations are currently some of the worst water crises ever seen to man. However, these same nations are surrounded by nations that are geographically, politically, or socially aligned with themselves that have a plethora of water resources. Delegates in this committee will determine how best to ameliorate the potential of water privatization as a result of international water wars by creating infrastructural solutions that can be sustainable and environmentally-conscious.
With a constantly growing global population, more of the Earth’s natural water resources are being exploited by the human population, leading to a rapid increase in the overall temperature of the Earth, causing more dramatic natural water disasters, food shortages, and disproportionate water distribution. Consequently, the sharing of water resources with the growing global population is not only reducing the amount of fresh water available, but it is also greatly damaging the ecosystems that lay within the water resources. More and more research is determining that roughly 80% of the water meant for agriculture, domestic use, and industries is being withdrawn annually. Delegates in this committee will determine how best to decrease the overall stress on water by dealing with issues such as food and water, general climate changes issues, and the biodiversity that lay within waters.
The Special Political and Decolonization Committee of 2002 will be focusing on the promotion of peace and cooperation and respect for human dignity. SPECPOL hopes to solve these issues in a timely manner.
This topic will center on the impending conflict in the region between different factions. Afghanistan has faced conflict since the Cold War, with USA and Soviet involvement. With all of the foreign involvement in Afghanistan as well as factions warring for power, it is becoming more and more unstable by the day. It will be up to this body to investigate and attempt to stabilize Afghanistan.
This topic will focus on the role of diamonds in fueling conflict in crisis regions. Since the late 1990’s, diamonds have been used by different governments and rebel groups in order to fund their conflicts, with these diamonds often being mined with forced labor. There have been efforts to curb these named “blood diamonds” in the international diamond trade, yet a formal international agreement still needs to be put into place. This committee will focus on how to ensure that diamonds have not been tainted by blood and conflict.
This topic will focus on the risk of nuclear proliferation in the middle east with an emphasis on nonproliferation and preserving global security. As the world becomes more technologically advanced, more nations are obtaining advanced nuclear technology. While these states have the right to use nuclear technology for peaceful means, as outlined by the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, they have also committed to ensuring that this technology is not used for ill means. As the foreign relations and nuclear technology of the Middle East grow, it will be up to this body to decide how to stop any attempts at obtaining nuclear weapons.
During the summer of 1964, the state of Mississippi became a focal point in the ongoing civil rights movement. Leaders and activists from prominent and influential civil rights groups gathered to organize a massive voter drive in the most disenfranchised state in the Union, establish summer “freedom schools” for black residents throughout the area, and create an alternate political party to challenge the Democratic Party, which remained segregated and turned a blind eye to many of the liberties denied to African-Americans at this time.
Delegates in this committee will represent the leaders of civil rights groups such as the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, the Congress of Racial Equality, and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, as well as local Mississippi activists. The delegates will have to tackle the following issues all while navigating intergroup rivalries, competing with other leaders for influence within the movement, and upholding a public image before the rest of the nation.
The delegates will be challenged to empower black residents in Mississippi through increasing their access to voter registration.
Education is another essential aspect of empowerment for the black residents of Mississippi, and thus the delegates will be tasked with creating Freedom Schools.
The delegates will be tasked with drafting a political platform to present to the 1964 Democratic Convention in August.
Kurdish groups throughout history have been divided against each other by foreign powers. The Ottoman and Persian empires backed warring Kurdish emirates in the 19C. Likewise the Iran-Iraq War was a catalyst for war among Kurds in the two countries. Even today Kurds in Iraq are allied to Turkey as Turkey wages counterinsurgency against The Kurdish Worker’s Party. The challenge of the Pan-Kurdish Summit will be to stop infighting and develop a common foreign policy on how Kurdish groups treat foreign powers.
Kurdish populations in the Middle East have been persecuted because of their nationality thus has an acute interest in preserving Human Rights. On the other hand Kurdish parties have perpetrated terror and political repression. What is permissible in war? And how can Kurdish groups protect the Human Rights of the non-Kurdish residents of their territory.
Nationalist movements of the 20C led to persecution of Kurds. Social services were denied to Kurds or were created to promote the erosion of Kurdish culture. Some Kurds are self-governing; others still struggle for representation. How do Kurds provide for themselves when the state is not interested in helping? Will political parties fill the void, or can all Kurdish groups work together in providing education, health, and welfare?
The Assembly of the African Union is a regional organization focused on bettering African society for Africans, by Africans. Through debate between the heads of states of all African Union states, this year’s assembly hopes to fulfill this goal through three topics. The Assembly of the African Union hopes to create comprehensive solutions to all of these issues, looking towards a brighter future.
The Assembly of the African Union will discuss combating corruption in African society, at local and national levels.
The Assembly will also discuss looking at the state of economic development in Africa and how it can be improved.
Also discussed by the Assembly will be regarding the displacement of African persons, such as refugees and migrants, and the resulting intolerance, both within and outside of Africa.
Tutankhamen’s Court will take delegates back thirteen hundred years before the Common Era. King Tut’s father, Akhenaten, has just died and the boy king has been named king. His court is tasked with helping him solve a slew of problems dropped at his very young feet.
The boy king’s father forbade the practice of polytheistic religions, leading to societal uproar and extreme discontent from the king’s followers. The movement toward monotheistic religions caused such a sharp change in daily religious practices as well as the arts and culture of the society. Entire buildings and shrines had to be torn down, redesigned, and rebuilt, causing an arguably unnecessary amount of work for laborers. Akhenaten’s rather sudden death left Tut to put out this fire on his own.
During his rule, Akhenaten moved the capitol approximately 200 miles north of its original location, Thebes. He named his new city “Akhetaten,” after himself. This caused many families to have to uproot their lives to travel to the new capitol in search of the opportunities, thus contributing to the widespread disapproval of Tut’s father. Tut, in turn, was forced to deal with the aftermath of this mess.
Akhenaten’s negotiation skills were, to put it lightly, subpar. Given his greed for power and expansion, he stirred up quite a bit of trouble with the neighboring societies, the Asiatics and the Nubians, eventually leading to an all-out war. After his father’s death toward the beginning of this conflict, Tut was left to navigate foreign relations on his own.
The Arctic Council is the leading intergovernmental forum promoting cooperation, coordination and interaction among the Arctic States, Arctic indigenous communities and other Arctic inhabitants on common Arctic issues. In particular, issues of sustainable development and environmental protection in the Arctic that will be discussed have arose in the wake of climate. The topics that will be addressed by the Arctic Council all have some degree of overlap, and competing regional interests have raised the potential for conflict drastically. Decisions for the MSUMUN XVII Arctic Council will be taken after a consensus has been reached amongst the eight Arctic Council states, indigenous groups, and member corporations.
This has become an increasingly large issue across the globe, but particularly in the Arctic region. If delegates do not act quickly, it may soon be too late.
This topic will address how best to deal with newly found energy resources once buried under thick sheets of ice.
This topic will address how to manage trans-arctic transportation routes that previously never existed.
The role of the public relations firm in today’s fast-paced media environment often goes unnoticed. But someone has to produce those cheerful commercials of families smiling and children playing on Gulf Coast beaches in the aftermath of the worst oil spill of the 21st century, to uphold the reputation of the Middle East’s only democracy on internet forums in the aftermath of unfortunate incidents in Judea and Samaria, to enhance the international image of a shall-one-say unpopular Syrian president facing certain political setbacks and skyrocketing bread prices. Welcome to Livraisons Stratégiques, the world’s leading PR firm for persons, countries, and corporate entities in a jam. Livraisons Stratégiques. It’s your world. Live it your way!™
On August 27th, 2005, Louisiana’s local and state officials gather together after hearing an announcement from the National Weather Service: Hurricane Katrina, which has already severely damaged Florida, could send a storm surge over the top of the New Orleans levees. These leaders now must rapidly make decisions to best protect their city, people, and property. Is an evacuation necessary? How can they organize rescue efforts? What to do with the relief money that will surely flow in?
However, even armed with an Emergency Response guide, there is no clear path for these leaders. New Orleans has struggled with a deep racial and economic divisions for its entire history. To come back from the storm, these leaders must prove they can rebuild New Orleans and rebuild it stronger, fairer, and safer than it was before. One of the worst natural disasters in American history is bearing down on one of our most iconic cities, and the waters are rising.
The infant years of the United States showcased the divisions within the Cabinet and put democratic passions and principles to the test immediately. When the world looks to America to respond to the French Revolution and subsequent reign of terror in Europe, Washington’s Cabinet holds the limits of this young nation’s involvement in its hands. The frail nation was held together without a banking system or powerful judiciary, while also facing domestic insurgencies.
History has its eyes on you, Cabinet members, as your debate and decisions will determine George Washington’s legacy. Don’t throw away your shot: join the Cabinet of the best President of the United States!
The year is 2099. The United States, Russia, and India have successfully established permanent colonies on the surface of Mars. When the colonies inexplicably lose all contact with Earth, they are forced to enter a fight for survival that no one could have anticipated. An inter-colonial committee has been called together with leaders from each of the three colonies to address the crisis they now face: thirty thousand people, stranded, alone, on a harsh and unforgiving planet. The lack of support from Earth threatens the colonists’ supplies of food, water, and fuel, while the alien landscape of Mars can create entirely new problems for the committee to face. The actions of this small group of colonists could wipe out what may be the last vestiges of humanity, but they may also lead the way to the extraordinary achievement of sustainable life on a new world.
Empires come and go but The Land of the Rising Sun is here to last. The year is 1939 and thanks to our efforts, much of the Pacific flies the white and red flag of Japan. For too long Japan has been in the shadow of China and the colonial powers of Europe. The countries of East Asia now bend to the will of Japan, and the Japanese Empire continues to expand. Running an empire is no simple task. The wide diversity of the countries underneath
Japan’s rule creates a complex system of governing and controlling these lands. The leaders of the Japanese Empire must work with the Emperor to control these lands and keep their people loyal to our rule. As the leaders of Japan, you will expand this empire farther throughout the Pacific, claiming new lands and resources. War is on the horizon and the United States of America could be the downfall of Japan’s glorious reign over the Pacific. The leader of Japan must toe the line between peace and war as they make their empire the strongest the world has ever seen.
Fire burns in Independence Square. The flames of freedom dance with the winter snows in the Kiev sky. The revolution burns as you take your seat in the government of Arseniy Yatsenyuk. Your job is to keep the embers of the democratic revolution smoldering, for if you do not your country will regress into oligarchy once more. But you must keep it from raging out of control. Already, sparks have landed in Crimea, Odessa, and the Donbass that threaten to ignite new fires, fires that will either engulf the fires of freedom burning in Independence Square, or deny the fires of freedom the fuel it needs to spread and smolder. As you take your seat in Kiev you will need to consider not only the reforms necessary to fan the flames of freedom, but also how to quell the fires of ethnic tension, economic stagnation, and inequality which threaten the democratic revolution.
The year is 1951, though the Chinese communists have claimed victory in the battle for the Chinese mainland, the war is far from over. You are Chiang Kai-shek’s finest men. It will be your duty to reclaim the mainland from the communist bandits and restore the rule of the Chinese Nationalist Party. From the island of Taiwan, you will conduct the greatest counter attack in the history of humankind, just as the legendary defenders of Jǔ did millennia prior. The task will be one of unparalleled difficulty, one that will require the complete concentration and leveraging of every asset at your disposal. Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek believes in you. Can you once more unite China under the Blue Sky and the White Sun? The fate of China hangs in the balance.
Join Press Corps and be a part of the Daily Gavel, MSUMUN’s own news organization. The Daily Gavel produces print and digital content every day of the conference. As a part of the Daily Gavel you’ll get a new perspective on MSUMUN and you will help keep other delegates informed about the exciting things happening throughout the conference.
The NGO Forum is a collaboration of multiple international Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) that work in tandem with states and non-government actors present in some other committees at MSUMUN to create effective solutions. As third parties to the conflicts discussed, NGOs will offer external expertise, guidance and resources to enact real changes in other committees by working with their delegates. The NGO forum will consist of organizations that specialize in a variety of fields from humanitarian aid to economic policy to environmental concerns to corruption, among others. The NGO forum offers experienced delegates a unique opportunity to stretch the boundaries of their hypothetical world and be involved in debate from a different perspective.